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Midterm Study Questions

Midterm Study Questions - Define sociology Sociology is the...

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Define sociology: Sociology is the scientific study of social relations and how they link the individual to social structure. Social structure is the enduring set of social relations. What is Science, Aspects of Science and how is Sociology a Science? Specifically, science is the process of acquiring knowledge through experimental and observational methods. The scientific method consists of posing a question, hypothesizing, data collection and analysis, and then testing other similar theories or repeating the experiment. When we use the scientific method, we need to consider the assumptions : we live in an objective and external world; the world is has order and regularity; we are able to collect accurate data. Postmodern scientists do not think we are able to collect accurate data because we are biased by our own social influences. Most sociologist believe that sociology is a difficult science : the social world is too complicated and contains much multi-causality; it is immoral to do social experiments. There is just too much subjectivity. What does the term society mean? Society is defined as the group of people who reside in a common area, interact, and share a culture. You must have individuals to have a society but can only have individuals if you also have a society – the Dance analogy by Elias. However, this term is debatable because of the blurred lines between one society to the next. Sociology has a wide focus but shallow breadth. What is the Sociological Imagination? The sociological imagination was proposed by Mills. Mills postulated that individuals are feeling trapped in their social world due to their inability to understand the interrelations between oneself and the social world. He attributed this problem to growing individualism. Mills stated that to better understand oneself and society, one must consider aspects of biography, social structure, and historical context. What are the 3 Sociological Perspectives and any weaknesses each may have ?
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