Egypt Test - 1 Who was the heretic Pharaoh Pharaoh...

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1). Who was the heretic Pharaoh? Pharaoh Amenhotep IV (Akhenaton) abandoned the polytheistic Egyptian religion and introduced a monotheistic religion. Replacing all the old gods, cults, priests, and temples with just the one true god “The Sun, Aton” Making himself the Soul priest of Aton. 2). What was the name of his new capital city? The city was named Tell el-Amarna and prior to the new capital, it was previously located in the city of Thebes. 3). What was the name of the only god in his new religion? He introduces a monotheistic religion by naming the “one true god” of Egypt as The Sun God, Aton, who is depicted as a sun disk. 4). At the Egyptian Empire’s greatest extent it controlled which Middle Eastern and African countries? Middle East: Syria, Canaan, and Sinai Africa: Libya, Kush, and Punt 5). Who was ancient Egypt’s greatest military leader? Thutmose III is referred to as one of, if not the greatest military leader in Egyptian history, ruling for at least 18 years along side with Hatshepsut. 6). Which god was the state deity of the Old Kingdom? Horus, The Sky God, who is depicted as falcon, was the officially state deity of the Old Kingdom 7). Which god was the state deity of the New Kingdom? Amon-Re, primary god of Thebes, frequently depicted as a ram or a man with a ram’s head, and in human form he wears a crown with two plumes, was the state deity of the New Kingdom. 8). Who was the only female Pharaoh to rule Egypt?
Hatshepsut became the only female Pharaoh to rule Egypt. Being a woman, she could not rule even though she was the only lawful heir to the throne. Shortly after the death of her father, Thutmose I, she married her half brother, Thutmose II. This marriage allowed her to reign as the Queen of Egypt. Although she was a woman, she’s sometimes depicted as a man because she still followed the typical male traditions such as wearing the ceremonial beard, badges of kingship, and a royal shirt. 9). According to the Book of the Dead, the heart of the deceased was weighed against the feather of Truth (Maat) by the god Anubis. (T/F) True. Anubis was responsible for conducting the “weighing of the heart ceremony”. Maat was the goddess of truth and Anubis used the feather of truth in the ceremony. Based on the results the deceased’s afterlife would be chosen favorable or not. 10). Imhotep was the architect of which Pharaoh? Imhotep was the architect for King Zoser. Imhotep built a step pyramid for King Zoser, which is seen as the oldest stone structure of Egypt and is an important stage in the development of Egyptian funerary architecture.

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