Notes 2008-01-30

Notes 2008-01-30 - WWI 14 Points Competition and tensions....

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WWI 14 Points Competition and tensions. European nations begin forming diplomatic and military alliances. Two major alliances emerge. War is sparked by the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand by Bosnians. It becomes a world war when Japan, desiring German holdings in China, joins the Allies. 1917: Zimmerman Note. Germany promises that if Mexico declares war on the US, Mexico will regain its lost territories. The US military mobilizes at astounding speed. Two million American soldiers reach Europe due to the first Selective Service Act. When US forces arrived, Britain and France had already been fighting for three years and were exhausted. Pershing knew that the military needed to be professionalized. Pershing seemed like the man best equipped to fight a modern war on a vast scale. They arrived at a stalemate – forces dug-in in trenches, surrounded by mud and fallen soldiers. The Battle of the Somme in 1916 was the bloodiest battle of the war. In a three day assault, the Allies lost 600,000 soldiers and Germany lost 500,000, with the Allies gaining only a few
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Notes 2008-01-30 - WWI 14 Points Competition and tensions....

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