Panel Presentation, '50-'80 I

Panel Presentation, '50-'80 I - rights…at the schoolhouse...

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Desegregation: Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954) Overturned the “separate but equal” doctrine of Plessy v. Ferguson (1896). Citing the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, the decision made clear that laws that upheld segregation were unconstitutional. Ruled that separate schools deprive minority children of equal educational opportunities, even if the physical facilities and other factors are equivalent. A historic first step in the journey toward equality in U.S. education. Student Speech: Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District (1969) John Tinker, Christopher Eckhardt, and John’s sister Mary Beth challenged the school suspensions that they had received for wearing armbands to school in protest of the Vietnam War. The court ruled that teachers and students do not “shed their constitutional
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Unformatted text preview: rights…at the schoolhouse gate” but that such constitutional rights should be “applied in light of the special characteristics of the school environment.” • School officials may not censure or censor student speech unless it causes a substantial disruption of school operations. Student Suspensions and Expulsions: Gross v. Lopez (1975) • For suspensions of up to 10 school days, school officials must provide at least oral notice of the charges and, if the student protests, an explanation of the evidence and an opportunity for the student to tell his or her side of the story. • Citing the Fourteenth Amendment’s guarantee that every citizen receive the due process of law. • Longer suspensions may require more formal procedures in terms of notice and a hearing....
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  • Fall '07
  • Odette
  • Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Brown v. Board of Education, equal educational opportunities

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