Timeline 1954: on May 17 th , the U.S. Supreme Court announces its decision in the case of Brown v. Board of Education, ruling that “separate but equal facilities are inherently unequal,” thus overturning its previous ruling in the 1896 case of Plessy v. Ferguson. Brown v. Board of Education is actually a combination of five cases from different parts of the country. It is a historic step in the long and still unfinished journey toward equality in U.S. education. 1957: Federal troops enforce integration in Little Rock, Arkansas as the Little Rock 9 enroll at Central High School. 1958: At least partially because of Sputnik, science and science education become important concerns in the U.S., resulting in the passage of the National Defense Education Act (NDEA) which authorizes increased funding for scientific research and science education. 1960: First grader Ruby Bridges is the first African American to attend William Frantz Elementary School in New Orleans. She becomes a class of one as parents remove all Caucasian
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