Ilongot People•Ilongot: a people of the Philippines, averaging 3,500 people in 1993 •Practicing hunting and subsistence agriculture (also called horticulture), requiring very simple technology•Stateless society
Area in green indicates Ilongot’s location
Kinship (general definition) •Kinship:a relation between two or more people based on either common ancestry (descent), or marriage (affinity), or adoption
Ilongot Kinship •Social organization: based on kinship: the largest kinship unit is the bertanand is based on descent from a common ancestor •Matrilocality: after marriage the couple moves with (or close to) the bride’s family of origin. This practice is typically linked to women’s higher status in society, and this is indeed the case among the Ilongot
Interpreting Headhunting •The Ilongot once practiced headhunting, a practice that drew lots of attention to this people.•Renato Rosaldo dedicated much of his professional life studying the Ilongot and the institution of headhunting.
•In the following slides, the instructor summarizes some of Rosaldo’s findings and their larger implication for anthropology (including the impact of culturally constructed emotions on this practice)
Headhunting •The practice of cutting off human heads•“As a ritual of revenge and grief over a deceased relative, the Ilongot of the Philippines sever human heads” (Chiseri-Strater and Sustein 1997: 7).
Stepping out of a culture •As seen in Miner’s description of the Nacirema: Understanding requires stepping out of a culture (that is, making the familiar unfamiliar) to create some distance and be able to gain a more objective perspective
Additional Insights •This week we will see that in addition to distance and objectivity, more subjective experiences can also be used to enhance cross-cultural understanding •As you will see in the slides that follow and from your own reading of Rosaldo, Rosaldo’s own personal experiences enhanced his ability to make sense of Ilongot headhunting