hist22_1

hist22_1 - Roman calendar has civil/religious role, has...

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Roman calendar has civil/religious role, has great power. Early Roman calendars were lunar, have 9 months. We don’t have any, though, just stuff from solar. Lunar easily observed, good for farms, have some sense, easily constructed for farming society. Problems. Lunar/solar out of sync! Solar calendars come after lunar. Lunar/solar are incompatible! Romans know lunar wasn’t perfect, so introduce intercalary month. When drift too far, add a month! But isn’t permanent. Also problems w/ solar calendar, also tends to drift, which is why we have leap year. Until Julius Caesar introduces leap year, solar calendar also drifts! How write dates? Don’t number sequentially, have Kalends, 1 st every moth, Nones 5 th /7 th , Ides 13 th /15 th (long or short months). You always look ahead to the next fixed point! Also count BOTH ends! These dates had lunar signigicance of religious holidays, sacred to certain deities, but as time went on, more civic, not religious purpose. No difference between civic and religious! Rome polytheistic, so many festivals.
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hist22_1 - Roman calendar has civil/religious role, has...

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