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Unformatted text preview: How do the rise and fall of civilizations in the Americas differ from the r ise and fall of civilizations in China and Africa ? There are many elements that separate the Rise and fall from the Islamic and Asian regimes from those of the Americas and Africa. The Umayyads and and Abbasids are the most notable regimes in the Islamic territories while the Sui, the Tang and the Song Dynasties are the most notable regimes in China. Research has led me to believe these regimes out of most share similar aspects in their rise and fall. These regimes however differ very much from societies in the Americas and Africa. The Islamic and Asian regimes see their rise and fall due to internal issues while societies such as the Inca and the Aztecs demise is mostly due to external forces. Among other possible reasons, one hypothesis is that the desire to extend trade routes and gain control of surplus producing regions led to rapid Arab expansion in the late 600s. One characteristic of the expanding Islamic regimes that would continue to plague them would be problems from within their own societies. One example comes from the first dynasty of the Muslim Caliphate known as the Umayyads. Before the Umayyads were officially in power, there was a disagreement on who the first caliph should be. Abu Bakr had been selected to be the first, but one group wanted a man named Ali as a substitute. In 661 after some deaths and assassinations, the governor of Syria came into office and made the caliphate hereditary in his own family, called the Umayyads. Eventually, in 750 a revolt...
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- Spring '06