Behavioral Theory

Behavioral Theory - Relationship between Counselor and Client The relationship can have a big effect on the process of behavior change Can increase

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Liz Robbins March 18 th , 2008 Behavioral Theory Key Figures B.F. Skinner View of Human Nature The person is the producer and the product of his or her environment Key Concepts and Major Areas of Emphasis Based on the principles and procedures of the scientific method Deals with the client’s current problems and the factors influencing them Clients are expected to actively deal with their problems Teaches clients skills of self-management Emphasis is on practical applications Therapeutic Goals Increases personal choice Create new conditions for learning Specific goals are determined by counselor and client and are changed as needed Role of the Counselor Assess client’s needs Formulate goals and a plan to accomplish goals Use strategies to promote behavior change Evaluate client’s progress
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Model for the client Role of the Client Must be motivated to change Is expected to carryout therapeutic activities Has to use strategies tried in session outside in their everyday life
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Unformatted text preview: Relationship between Counselor and Client The relationship can have a big effect on the process of behavior change Can increase the chances that the client will be receptive to therapy Techniques seem to be more important than the relationship, but the relationship doesn’t hurt Typical Techniques Associated with the Theory The client keeps a record of the frequency and intensity of occurrences This becomes the tool in devising a therapeutic plan Positive reinforcement adds something important to the individual as a consequence of a certain behavior Punishment is used to decrease undesired behaviors Application of the Approach Very effective for people trying to beat addictions Requires a client to be dedicated and motivated Research Behavioral concepts and procedures are stated explicitly, tested empirically, and revised continually...
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This note was uploaded on 04/06/2008 for the course PSYC 0322 taught by Professor Burwell during the Spring '08 term at Westfield State.

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Behavioral Theory - Relationship between Counselor and Client The relationship can have a big effect on the process of behavior change Can increase

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