Civil Rights #3 1960s - Civil Rights in the JFK Era Major...

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Civil Rights in the JFK EraMajor Incidents:Freedom Rides and Sit-Ins, 1961James Meredith and the Univ. of Miss., 1962Birmingham, AL, 1963George Wallace, 1963
1961- Freedom RidersThe most notable example of the Freedom Riders came in 1961Two buses left from Washington planning to end up in New OrleansOne was firebombed in Anniston, AL; the other proceeded on and was met by violent white mobs in Birmingham as police looked on.CORE riders then withdrew and SNCC members continued the effort.
Freedom Riders- Anniston, AL
SNCC’s Freedom RidersContinuing on to Montgomery, AL, the SNCC members were again met by extreme violence.The Ride was ended because the bus companies could not find drivers willing to risk their lives, and did not want to lose more buses.JFK was outraged, and ordered the federal government to strengthen its policies on interstate travel, and sent 400 marshals to Montgomery
1962- James MeredithMeredith was an Air Force veteran who wanted to enroll at the University of MississippiA federal court order supported his right to do soGov. Ross Barnett refused to allow him; JFK ordered in several hundred federal marshals to “Ole Miss”The administration also negotiated a deal where Meredith could enroll on Sunday to avoid the worst crowds
James Meredith, cont’d.Despite JFK’s intervention, Barnett organized several thousand whites to attack the federal agents2 people were killed, and hundreds wounded.JFK then ordered in 5,000 soldiers to enforce order and the law on campus, and escort Meredith to class
1963- Birmingham, ALMLK described the city as “the most segregated city in the United States.”During May, King planned a series of sit-ins and

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