Civil Rights Court Cases - Supreme Court Civil Rights...

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Supreme Court Civil Rights Decisions CASE DATE CHIEF JUSTICE DECSION (from Wikipedia) Plessy v. Ferguson 1896 Melville Fuller This case upheld segregation or “Jim Crow laws” in the South. Plessy legitimized the move towards segregation practices begun earlier in the South. Plessy provided an impetus for further segregation laws. In the ensuing decades, segregation statutes proliferated, reaching even to the federal government in Washington, D.C., which re- segregated during Woodrow Wilson's administration in the 1910s.” Sweatt v. Painter 1950 Fred M. Vinson A case that successfully challenged the "separate but equal" doctrine of racial segregation established by the 1896 case Plessy v. Ferguson . The case involved a Bahá'í [1] black man, Heman Marion Sweatt, who was refused admission to the University of Texas School of Law on the grounds that the Texas State Constitution prohibited integrated education The Texas trial court, instead of granting the plaintiff a writ of mandamus, continued the case for six months allowing the state time to create a law school only for blacks. The Supreme Court reversed the lower court decision, saying that the separate school failed to measure up because of quantitative differences in facilities and intangible factors such as its isolation from most of the future lawyers with whom its graduates would interact.

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