Two Ways to Change•One: Legal action against restrictions, like Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka, KS or a law that is passed, like the Civil Rights Act of 1964.•Two: Community action, such as the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
Major Incidents of the Eisenhower Presidency•May, 1954: Brown v. Board of Education•Dec., 1955: Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott•Sept., 1957: The Little Rock Crisis•Feb., 1960: Sit-ins at Woolworth’s in NC
Brown v. Board of Education•Lawsuit brought by the NAACP on behalf of a black parent who believed his daughter was not receiving the same level of education as whites in his city
School Segregation, 1954
The Ruling•A unanimous 9-0 Court decision found “separate but equal” facilities inadequate; ruling that“solely because of their race generates a feeling of inferiority as to their status in the community that may affect their hearts and minds in a way unlikely ever to be undone… separate educational facilities are inherently unequal.”
Southern Backlash against Brown(video)
After Effects•In 1955, the Court ordered states to desegregate “with all deliberate speed.”•Ike did not endorse the decision. But he did