Civil Rights Truman and Eisenhower years - TRUMAN AND...

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TRUMAN AND EISENHOWER—CIVIL RIGHTS ACHIEVMENTS AND FAILURES Achievements Failures Harry S. Truman (1945- 1952) As a member of the Senate, Truman worked hard to abolish the poll tax and to stop lynching in the South Ended discrimination in the armed forces Appointed black judges to federal courts Established a Committee on Government Contract Compliance (no business could get a federal contract if it enforced segregation) Performed small but symbolic steps such as integrated inaugural balls and the desegregation of the Washington, DC airport Did not actively enforce nor did get any real funding for the Committee on Government Contract Compliance (therefore, it could not readily oversee violations) Did not get any real legislation concerning Civil Rights through Congress He advocated legal equality for blacks, but not social equality Dwight D. Eisenhower (1952-1960) Continued to enforce the integration of the military as set up by Truman

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