310 study guide 3 - EXAM 3 LEARNING INTRODUCTION Learning...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
EXAM 3 LEARNING INTRODUCTION Learning is a change in our capacity for behavior due to particular kinds of experience - learning is a theoretical construct it cannot be directly observed - capacity for behavior = can demonstrate learning if given a chance to demonstrate it o ex studying and then taking an exam - can infer that learned something based on performance but can’t see it in your head - learning and memory are not the same thing but are similarly related - learning and memory are like 2 sides of the same coin to test memory, must first give you something to learn - when we talk about learning we are talking about understanding something - it refers to the processes that lead to a change in behavior o occurs overtime o how you do it refers to the process of chunk info Associative learning aka conditioning is learning that certain events occur together - means that we learn to associate different things o ex young kids fearful of loud noises; when kid sees lightening and starts crying…thunder follows lightening and the kid associates thunder to lightening o onion breath and sexual arousal - we are not always aware of associative learning o Chinese characters on computer screen and positive vs negative feelings; in the background of the computer screen there was a picture that appeared to be a smiley face or a frowning face, the face in the background had to do with the subjects feelings 2 types of associative learning (conditioning) - classical and operant CONDITIONING conditioning is the process of learning associations o ex onion breath and sexual arousal o ex herding cattle…Japanese rancher put electronic beepers on his cattle, no matter where in the world he was he would call the beeper and it would go off, the cows associated the beeper sound with food - conditioning is not the only form of learning o observational learning Classical and Operant Conditioning Classical Conditioning is a type of learning in which the organism comes to associate stimuli - Pavlov discovered classical conditioning/type I conditioning/pavlovial conditioning
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
- Pavlov was a physiologist who studied digestion in dogs o 1904 won nobel prize for ground breaking research for digestion in dogs o discovered classical cond. By accident while doing his research on dogs Operant Conditioning is a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened or weakened depending on the consequence of that behavior - association between action and consequence of that action o ex go to restaurant and eat food and fall sick, the action of getting sick decreases the probability that you will eat at that restaurant again - Skinner is linked with operant cond - Operant cond / type II / Skinnerian conditioning Pavlov Classical Cond - US, UR, CS, CR, NS - U = unconditioned - C = conditioned - NS = neutral stimulus o Food (US) – Salivation (UR) salvation is a characteristic response to food o Metronome (NS) – Food (US) – Salivation
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/28/2008 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 310 taught by Professor Mahadevan during the Spring '08 term at University of Tennessee.

Page1 / 16

310 study guide 3 - EXAM 3 LEARNING INTRODUCTION Learning...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online