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GOVT 161 - Hobbes & Leviathan

GOVT 161 - Hobbes & Leviathan - Introduction to Hobbes...

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Introduction to Hobbes: His thoughts on Natural Society and the Leviathan State Life and Times - 1588 – 1679 - obsessively fearful of sudden death, but lived until 91 - wrote Leviathan in middle of English civil war(s) o Parliament & Cromwell vs. Charles I & royalist supporters o Puritan (protestant) parliament vs. Catholic Charles I o Monarchs claimed divine right let them rule w/o consent of parliament House of Stuart - charles’ execution meant power now came from below, contradicting long- standing tradition of “greater chain of being.” Power was based on egalitarian, anti-monarchial passages of the bible. - English civil war represents clash of 2 political philosophies: that of the stuart monarchy, and that of the parliament. State of Nature - refers to natural state in which humans live w/o government o no police, courts, armies, governing forces of any kind - opposite of Aristotle’s perspective that men are naturally social, naturally live in
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