History 201 Exam 3 Info - History 201 Exam 3 Info 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Quiz One Royal authorities quickly losing control in the colonies a Colonists

History 201 Exam 3 Info - History 201 Exam 3 Info 1 2 3 4 5...

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History 201 Exam 3 Info Quiz One 10-13-15 1. Royal authorities quickly losing control in the colonies a. Colonists seizing this advantage 2. Coercive Acts (Intolerable Acts in the colonies) closed the port in Boston a. Economic hardship b. Wide-spread unemployment 3. Continental Congress a. Has already met once b. Hoped the king would cut them some slack i. If he doesn’t, they would meet the next spring and decide what to do c. Before it recessed, it urged each colony to mobilize its militia d. Militia i. Helped the British fight the French (French and Indian War) but didn’t do much after e. Colonies might need to call on militias for defense f. Militias began to drill g. Minute men i. Elite men ii. The first responders before the regular responders arrived 4. General Thomas Gage a. Had a lot of responsibilities in Massachusetts Colony b. Commanding general of Army and Navy, and also Royal Governor c. Heard that the Boston Militia was storing supplies in Concord i. John Adams and John Hancock were there too 1. Hancock was the richest man in the colonies, but will use all of his money to support the army d. Gives the British Army to go to Concord i. Purpose was to capture supplies and capture Adams and Hancock e. Must go through Lexington to get to Hancock i. April 18 th , 1775 ii. Paul Revere iii. By the time the British reach Lexington, the militia is there waiting for them iv. Revere warns Hancock and Adams v. There are 70 Minutemen on Lexington Green vi. Someone fires a shot (we don’t know who) 1. ‘The shot that was heard around the world’ 2. This is the beginning of the revolution vii. The British fire a volley and charge with their bayonets 1. 700 British and 70 colonists a. British kill 8 and wound 10 viii. British get to Lexington and discover that Adams and Hancock are gone ix. Get to Concord and discover that most valuables are gone, but take what they can 5. The British were on their way back to Boston, but the militia had gathered and met them on their way back a. 14 casualties at the Battle of Concord Bridge 6. Numbers much more even at this time 7. 1,000 reinforcements show up for the British and they march back to Boston a. Were fired at the entire time b. 273 British killed or wounded 8. Americans have 100 casualties out of 3,700 9. First Continental Congress decide to meet again
a. Had not gotten any relief b. Things escalating c. War had started 10. Second Continental Congress a. Many of the 1 st CC people showed up b. Decided to continue the military struggle 11. Colonial governments had begun to train and expand their militias a. Shortages i. Artillery 1. Having artillery is crucial to success b. British Port of Ticonderoga in New York i. British had stockpiled artillery here c. Ethan Allen i. From Vermont ii. Was attacking Port of Ticonderoga iii. Benedict Arnold helped him captured this port; therefore capturing the artillery iv. 78 pieces of artillery v. Had to navigate the artillery from New York to Boston through forest 12. 2 nd CC creates US Army a. Name George Washington its commanding general 13. June 1775—first real battle—Bunker Hill

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