Exam 1 Study Guide Spring 08

Exam 1 Study Guide Spring 08 - Exam 1 Study Guide PSYCH 350...

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Exam 1 Study Guide PSYCH 350 Spring 2008 I Introduction (Chapter 1) 1. What is social psychology? The scientific study of how our thoughts feelings and actions are influenced by other people 2. Is social psychology just common sense? Why or why not? Uses the scientific method to test assumptions Want to predict behavior not just explain it after the fact 3. How does social psychology differ from personality psychology and sociology? Social psychology vs. personality psychology o Personality psych focuses on traits or dispositions in order to understand human behavior o Social psych focuses on the situations that impact human behavior Social psychology vs. sociology o Sociologists focus on studying how social and cultural forces influence behavior. Their focus is on existing groups o Social psychologists focus on individuals in social situations and manipulate the situations 4. Be familiar with Kurt Lewin’s contribution to social psychology and his formula for behavior. Lewin often regarded as the father of modern social psychology Opposed to behaviorism which assumes behavior is purely stimulus and response His formula for behavior: o B = f (P x S) o Behavior is the function of the person by the situation 5. What are the 2 major themes in social psychology? What is meant by strong vs. weak situation? Be able to recognize examples of a strong and a weak situation. Power of the Person Power of the Situation o Strong situation: overrides dispositional traits o Weak situation: expresses dispositional traits 6. Be familiar with the 1 st social psychology experiment performed by Triplett. Hypothesized that “the bodily presence of another rider is a stimulus to the racer in arousing the competitive instinct” (Rider’s competitive juices get flowing when they race against other riders. Bicycle riders exhibited faster times in multi- rider competitions than in individual races against the clock. II Research Methods (Chapter 2) 1. Be familiar with the terms of the scientific method: set of assumptions or methods designed to systematically test beliefs Theory: Set of statements about relationships between constructs a. Individuals’ fear of being punished if they do not obey causes obedience Construct: abstract concept describing a class of behaviors. Cannot be measured a. obedience b. fear Hypothesis: testable statement that explains the observed relationship between variables a. Increasing individuals’ fear of being punished if they do not obey will increase obedience Variable: Measurable representation of a construct a. Threatening participants if they do not obey
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b. Severity of shock they administer to others Operational Definition: Specific observable response used to measure a concept (turns constructs into variables) a. Threatening participants with receiving electric shocks themselves if they do not obey will increase the severity of shock they administer in a procedure paralleling the one in
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Exam 1 Study Guide Spring 08 - Exam 1 Study Guide PSYCH 350...

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