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Study Guide for Exam IV

Study Guide for Exam IV - Study Guide for Exam IV...

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Study Guide for Exam IV Hardy-Weinberg Theorem how they used Mendel to save Darwin logic behind equations o parental genotypes o gene pool (haploid) o offspring genotypes o etc. use of HW as null model (observed vs. expected), including Chi-square meaning of HW equilibrium (or disequilibrium) assumptions and violations of those assumptions o natural selection stabilizing directional diversifying frequency-dependent o mutation (a long-term influence; ultimate source of variation) o random genetic drift bottlenecks founder events o gene flow o deviations from random mating inbreeding inbreeding avoidance (outbreeding) assortative mating disassortative mating Genetics of small populations (Conservation genetics) effects of habitat fragmentation (smaller and more isolated populations) put the different evolutionary forces together conceptually effective size inbreeding depression outbreeding depression
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