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Adebisi Adeshina Case study 2 - Adebisi Adeshina Applied...

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Adebisi Adeshina Applied Ethics 1509 Case Study 2 – Foreign Surrogacy Having a baby can be a joyous time for many couples, but for couples unable to have children on their own, the options to have children can be a very expensive and difficult experience. Among the options to have a child include adoption, in vitro fertilization and surrogacy. Surrogacy has been a popular choice and an ever increasing demand for foreign surrogacy is yet another option. Why is foreign surrogacy in such high demand? With regard to surrogacy in the United States, the anticipated expense can cost up to $275, 000.00 with costs rising if the viability did not occur the first time versus the cost in India of around $72,000. [Jos14] The rise in demand for foreign surrogacy is largely due to the high cost in the US and this has driven many to such places as India where the cost is cheap and the process is much easier. [Pri12] In the case of foreign surrogacy, although there has been increased demand over the years, there has also been increased controversies. For example, an Australian couple traveled to Thailand where a woman bore twins, one healthy and the other having Down syndrome. The couple took the healthy baby and left the one with Down syndrome in Thailand. [Jos14] Among the controversies, is exploitation of the women bearing the children. Commercial surrogacy was legalized in India in 2002, as part of the country's drive to promote medical tourism, an industry that the Confederation of Indian Industry predicts now generates US$2·3 billion annually.[Pri12] The surrogacy industry in India, however, is unregulated. The high demand and little regulation has attracted profit-driven clinics and financially destitute women to the industry. As a result, several concerns have arisen in India such as the treatment of the surrogates (some not receiving
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pay), being held up in crowded hostels with other surrogates and only being allowed to see their own families once a week, and doctors implanting a significantly higher number of embryos than they should, such as around 5 or 6 embryos at one given time. This increase of risk of multiple
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