CanadaWWITermstoKnow - Canada in World War I Terms to Know...

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Canada in World War I : Terms to KnowPeople1.Henri Bourassa (Liberal Party of Canada, switched to the Nationalist Party)oHe was a Canadian politicianand journalistwho hoped to see Canada become anindependent nationunder the British Crown. Thirty years after his death, that goal wasrealized when Canada set forth its own constitution in 1982.oHe served in the Canadian House of Commons, and was elected as a member of theLiberal party. His oppositionto Canadian support for the Boer War in South Africa causedhim to switch to the Nationalist Party, and he began to work for Canadian independence.oAfter the war started, he denounced the Conservative partyfor introducing a military draft. Heexpressed opposition to waropenly by 1916 and in the process further curtailed Quebecrecruitment. Initially he backed Borden, but unity was built more on circumstance instead ofdeeper political principlesoHe joined Prime Minister Mackenzie King in demanding a modified role for the governor-general, the British representative in Canada. However, he would not accept a post in King’sadministration.oThree main themes that Bourassa considered:Canada’s relationship with Great BritainRelationship of French to English cultureValues that should guide economic life2.Robert Borden (Liberal Party but changed to Conservative Party, also in Unionist Party)oA statesmanwho helped transform Canada from a colonyinto a nation, he was Canada’sPrime Ministerduring World War I.oHis commitment to an international role for Canadawas largely responsible for thegovernment’s war measures, including a policy of conscription, during those years.oHe was also the First minister of a British overseas dominionto serve as a member of theImperial War Cabinetof Great Britain - held ideal to see Canada as one of the leaders ofBritish imperial federation dominated by BritainoIn 1896, he was elected as a member of the House of Commons for Halifax. Within fiveyears, he was chosen leader of the Conservative opposition- loyal to Britain, wary of U.S.oRelied on 200 local militias to recruit volunteers.By September 4, around 32,000 answered the call -- most were British CanadiansoWhen number of volunteers began to wane, Borden believed he had toimpose conscriptionor reduce commitment to war effort -- created strife internallyoDuring the 1917 federal election, Borden manipulated the votes by appealing to femalerelatives of military in order to gain votes and win the election - created the Unionist Partymade of Conservative and Liberal defectors 3.David Lloyd George (National Liberal Party)
oHe was theprime minister(replaced Herbert Asquith in Dec. 1916) who guided Great Britainto victory over Germany in First World War.

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