PoetryTermSet - 1 Poetry Terms Set For each term list a...

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1 Poetry Terms Set For each term, list a definition and at least one example . For the “types of stanzas” no examples are necessary. Types of poems 1. Lyric poem: A poem that expresses deep feeling or thoughts in a way that’s a song Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate. Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer's lease hath all too short a date. Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, And often is his gold complexion dimmed, And every fair from fair sometime declines, By chance, or nature's changing course untrimmed. -William Shakespeare 2. Elegy: a form of literature which can be defined as a poem or song in the form of elegiac couplets,
written in honor of someone deceased. It typically laments or mourns the death of the individual. EX:“With the farming of a verse Make a vineyard of the curse, Sing of human unsuccess In a rapture of distress; In the deserts of the heart Let the healing fountain start, In the prison of his days Teach the free man how to praise.” -In Memory of W. B. Yeats, by W. H. Auden 3. Ode: An Ode is a lyric poem, usually addressing a particular person or thing. It originated in Ancient Greece. Ex.: Ode to an Olive Oh Olive, You are as precious to me as any gem, With your beautiful, pure skin as smooth as silk And as green as the grass in summertime. I love your taste and the smell of your tender fruit Which hides beneath your green armour. Olive, sweet, tasty Olive, How I love you so and my mealtimes wouldn't be the same If you weren't in my life. Oh Olive, Nothing can compare to you, nothing at all, You are food of the gods, a king's riches And, most importantly, you are mine, oh Olive! 4. Sonnets: Sonnets are known as complex Haikus. Generally, sonnets are divided into different groups based on the rhyme scheme they follow. The rhymes of a sonnet are arranged according to a certain
1 rhyme scheme . The rhyme scheme in English is usually abab-cdcd-efef-gg and in Italian abba-abba- cde-cde. Structure 1. Stanza: Containing 4 or more lines with a rhyme scheme, fixed length or meter. Uncommon for 12+ more lines in one stanza, and mainly come in patterns depending on the rhyme scheme or metering which then detemines the number of feet in each line. EX: “ As a fond mother, when the day is o’er, Leads by the hand her little child to bed, Half willing, half reluctant to be led, And leave his broken playthings on the floor, Still gazing at them through the open door, Nor wholly reassured and comforted By promises of others in their stead, Which, though more splendid, may not please him more…” - Section of Nature by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow 2. Types of stanzas: Number of Lines Type of Stanza 2 Couplet 3 Triplet/Tercet 4 Quatrain 5 Quintet/Cinquain 6 Sestet 7 Septet 8 Octave 3. Enjambment : moving over from one line to another without a terminating punctuation mark; it is the running on of a sense from one couplet or line to the next without a major pause or syntactical break.

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