2003_mt1_soln

2003_mt1_soln - Linguistics 1 midterm solution 1)...

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Linguistics 1 midterm solution 1) Phonetics/phonology Below is a phonemic transcription of “Try to say the pledge with more enthusiasm.” Apply each rule listed and write its result in its row. Write the surface form of the sentence (according to these rules) in the bottom row. Phonemic form traj tu se pl c w mor n uz jæz m Aspiration: voiceless stops (p, t, k) are aspirated at the beginning of a word t t p Devoicing: approximants (l, r, w, j) are voiceless after aspirated stops rC lC Nasalization: vowels are nasalized before a nasal consonant (m, n, ) ± ± Dentalization: [n] is dentalized before a dental fricative ( , ) Surface form according to these rules t rCaj t u se p lC c w mor ±n² uz jæz ±m 2) Morphology. Estonian is a Finno-Ugric language spoken in the Baltic republic of Estonia. Inspect the Estonian examples below (NOTE: data have been simplified somewhat). List: i) All roots, ii) The suffixes for the 'to-infinitive', the 'bare infinitive', and the '1.sg.pres.' If a
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2003_mt1_soln - Linguistics 1 midterm solution 1)...

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