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Unformatted text preview: Chap 13 1. According to a University of Arizona professor, wastes disposed of in sanitary landfills are __________ after 40 years. A. almost perfectly preserved B. almost completely broken down and degraded C. consumed by rodents and scavengers D. in various stages of decomposition 2. The United States produces 11 billion tons of solid waste each year, half (50%) of which is produced by __________. A. overburden from strip mines B. industry C. municipalities D. agriculture 3. __________ include all forms of wastes that result from residential, mining, agricultural, commercial, and industrial activities whereas a special category of wastes called __________ are discarded materials known to be harmful to human or other life forms. A. Trash; municipal wastes B. Hazardous and toxic wastes; solid wastes C. Rubbish; polluting wastes D. Solid wastes; hazardous and toxic wastes 4. __________ operate mostly as unregulated areas where anyone can dispose of waste by simply dropping it off. A. Sanitary landfills B. Composting facilities C. Open dumps D. Waste repositories 5. Until recently, many cities in the United States disposed of their municipal refuse, industrial waste, sewage, and sewage sludge into __________. A. the ocean B. farm lands C. waste repositories D. composting facilities 6. __________ are unregulated areas where people dispose of wastes freely whereas __________ are regulated areas where the wastes are compacted and covered to control pollution and vermin. A. Sanitary landfills; waste repositories B. Land farms; open dumps C. Open dumps; sanitary landfills D. Waste repositories; land farms 7. After the Taiwan-based Formosa Plastics Corporation paid Cambodian officials a bribe, the corporation was allowed to dump toxic incinerator waste near a small coastal Cambodian village. This is an example of ___________. A. Boistfort dumping B. Land farming C. Poor political judgment D. Garbage imperialism 8. In __________ technology, municipal wastes are incinerated to produce __________ or electricity. A. energy recovery; fertilizers B. energy recovery; heat C. aerobic digestion; methane gas D. aerobic digestion; fertilizers 9. While mass burning of refuse avoids the expense of sorting through garbage for unburnable materials, it often causes greater problems with ________. A. soil contamination and toxic residual ash B. water pollution from effluent and increased amount of energy needed to burn materials C. air pollution and corrosion of equipment D. human health and safety 10. __________ is the reprocessing of discarded materials into new, useful products....
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course ESRM 100 taught by Professor Harrison during the Fall '08 term at University of Washington.
- Fall '08