Sociology-Chapter 9 Notes

Sociology-Chapter 9 Notes - Chapter 9 Global Stratification...

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Chapter 9 - Global Stratification (3-21-08) Global Stratification: An Overview Global Stratification- patterns of social inequality in the world as a whole. 20% of U.S.=48% of the national income, 20% of global population=80% of world income, the poorest 20% of U.S.=4% national income, poorest 5 th world’s people=1% of global income A Word About Terminology Three Worlds ” model developed after World War II labeled the rich: “ 1 st World ”-less industrialized; “ 2 nd World ”-non industrialized; “ 3 rd World ”- poor countries; it’s less useful today because it grew out of Cold War politics, lumped together 100 countries as the 3 rd World. High-income countries - the richest nations with the highest overall standards of living. Middle-income countries - nations with a standard of living about average for the world as a whole. Low-income countries - nations with a low standard of living in which most people are poor. This model focuses on economic development and is and overall better picture. High-Income Countries United States and Canada, Argentina, the nations of Western Europe, Israel, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Singapore, Hong Kong, Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand. 25% of Earths land area; 1 billion or 18% of earths people ($10,000-$35,000) Production in rich nations is capital-intensive; based on factories, big machinery, and
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Sociology-Chapter 9 Notes - Chapter 9 Global Stratification...

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