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Study Guide TEST 1

Study Guide TEST 1 - Study Guide for RELG 216 TEST 1 Rabbi...

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Study Guide for RELG 216 – TEST 1 Rabbi Jacob Joseph He was a Rabbi that came to America in July of 1888 when Orthodox Jewish Americans wanted a chief Rabbi to make decisions about what was and was not allowed in Orthodox Judaism. No Rabbis would come because many of them believed America to be a “suspect country”, a place where Jewish life was abused. Orthodox Jews also felt that a Rabbi was needed to elevate their social status in America, but other Jews were not very happy when Jacob Joseph arrived. He was too expensive and did not speak ENGLISH! His chief jobs were to: Supervise the Kosher meat business (follow the Kashrut – Kosher laws; bless the food) Put Orthodox Judaism on the map for American life He died in 1902, but eventually the Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations in America formed in 1912. Devotional Catholicism Dated around the late 19 th and early 20 th Centuries . It was a way that Catholics dealt with pressures that came with immigrating to a predominantly Protestant country. It gave them identity ; made meaning out of suffering and that they would be rewarded; gave them hope ; confidence that God was on their side; and gave them a connection to those back home. Included Germans (due to Kulturkampf); Italians ; Poles ; Canadians , Irish , and Mexicans . There were many tensions (national prejudices) between the Catholic groups. 1) Some devotional practices included: Reciting a series of prescribed prayers on Jesus or something associated with Jesus
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Devotionalism towards Mary and the Saints Reciting the Novena (nine days of prayer associated with the Preists) These led to festival – like activity in worshiping God. Archbishop Tikhon Head of the Russian Orthodox Church in America in 1898 , and was a prominent leader in establishing Russian Orthodoxy in America. He was very accepting to those of the Eastern-Rite Orthodox (priests would get married, but because of that they did not get a lot of respect from Catholic co- religions). 3 Big Steps to Establishing American Orthodox Christianity: 1) Moved headquarters in America from San Francisco to New York (this was because he noticed there were far more Russian Orthodox Christians on the East coast than the West coast. 2) Established Orthodox Church in America (1970). He wanted to make it an American autonomist church = autocephalous . Also tried to help parishes move towards funding themselves independently. Applied a multilingual approach to aid immigrants in new environment. English became the common denominator, allowed in service/worship, and the book was translated into English. He had 2 auxiliary Bishops that helped with those that spoke other languages (such as Ukrainian). Invitation Hymn An innovation set forth by American Protestant urban revivalist/evangelist Dwight L. Moody. Born in 1837, died in 1899. He had extraordinary abilities to manage and inspire people, and 1872 , the year of the Chicago Fire, was a mayja turning point in his career, when he tried out numerous INNOVATIONS.
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