Psy109_The Self_2016 - PSY 109 Introduction to Psychology...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–11. Sign up to view the full content.

PSY 109: Introduction to Psychology II The Self: Nature vs. Nurture?
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Image of page 2
Who Are you? 1. Let your friend write down 12 phrases, statements, descriptions or words as you attempt to answer the question: WHO AM I? 2. Together, place the statements in different categories (preferably 2) according to some underlying theme. WHO AM I?
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Who Am I really? A lot of answers indeed Usually includes social roles (e.g., gender, social identity, group memberships, and ethnicity) But what do psychologists say?
Image of page 4
The Nature-Nurture Debate: Recap Are you a product of Nature or Nurture? What is it that most makes us who we are? Is it our biological makeup (Nature) or the environment in which we are raised (Nurture)?
Image of page 5

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

NATURE-NURTURE DEBATE Think of your friends’ behavioural predispositions, talents, personality, intelligence Are they born with these differences? (Nature) Or, the differences were acquire from parents’ influence, peers, society? (Nurture)
Image of page 6
Nature-Nurture NATURE : Hereditary (genetics) is stronger NURTURE: The environment plays a large Studies of twins Studies of 2 sets twins (identical and fraternal) useful to examine effects of heredity and environment Studies compare similarities between different types of twins to determine the genetic basis of specific traits
Image of page 7

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

What if the Evidence for Nature? Twin and Adoption Studies Studies of twins show that identical twins are more alike than fraternal twins in: Personality traits Behaviours/outcomes such as the rate of divorce. Abilities, e.g., overall Intelligence test scores. Adoption Studies used adopted children for whom the biological relatives are known and demonstrated that adopted children were more like biological parents than adopted parents in intelligence and personality
Image of page 8
What if the Evidence for Nature? Studies of Identical Twins Raised Apart A number of studies compared identical twins raised separately from birth, or close thereafter The Minnesota Twin Family Study is the biggest example Found the following similarities among others: Heart rate, brain waves Personality/temperament Abilities (e.g., intelligence) Attitudes Interests
Image of page 9

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

What is the Evidence for Nurture? The environment also influence the development of the individual Think of how your parents/guardians influenced your values, attitudes and religious beliefs among others Nutrition studies, twin studies, and adoption studies used to collect evidence for nurture Adoption studies also show that environment plays an critical role in the person’s mental ability. For example, a study done with adoptive children raised in the same house had very similar IQs, given that these children are not related genetically.
Image of page 10
Image of page 11
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern