Communication 100 Test - Communication 100 Test#1 Lecture 1 Symbols Symbol A symbol is arbitrary and represents something else Object Idea Person or

Communication 100 Test - Communication 100 Test#1 Lecture 1...

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  • COMMUNICAT 100
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Communication 100 Test #1 Lecture 1: Symbols Symbol : A symbol is arbitrary and represents something else Object Idea Person or place Relationship A symbol can be a word, movement, sound, picture, logo, and more Communication and its Meaning: Particular meanings are not tied to a single symbol Can be conveyed in multiple ways Social Construction of Meaning: Symbols take on meaning in social context or society as they are used over time Meanings are recognized by those who have used them over time Denotative Meaning: Commonly understood, widely accepted primary meaning of a verbal or nonverbal symbol Connotative Meaning: Provided by the secondary associations of a verbal or nonverbal symbol Verbal and Nonverbal Influence on Meaning: Delivery influences the message sent Determining meaning is more complex Medium: The means through which a message is conveyed Medium impacts the meaning Face-to-face Electronic Social Media Communication is Relational : Relationships are assumed any time we communicate with someone Communication contains content (message) and relational levels Frames: Frames are basic forms of knowledge that provide a definition of a scenario Draw boundaries around conversation and pull attention to and away from things Frames help people understand their role in the conversation as well as what is expected of them Shared understandings of these frames enable people to make sense of what is occurring so they can coordinate their symbolic activities People use frames to make decisions about what symbols to use and how the symbols should be interpreted Symbols need a background of knowledge built into the interpretation of the words themselves Shared knowledge of background reduces need for explanation of terms Perspectives o Frames are partly based on a person’s perspectives of situations and relationships Influence the coordinating of interactions and assigning meaning
Frames also explain why people do not always agree on what is occurring Presentational and Representational Describing facts or conveying information is representational Presenting a particular version of facts or events is presentational o Present other with a way of looking at the world based on how you would prefer them to see it We can take in a message as face value-representational notion or we can choose to regard it as presentational which opens up all kinds of possibilities of the description, motives, why those words, why those descriptions, why this is mention and that isn’t. Leads to a conflict, discomfort, lack of identity and so

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