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Communication 100 Test #1Lecture 1: SymbolsSymbol: A symbol is arbitrary and represents something elseObjectIdeaPerson or placeRelationshipA symbol can be a word, movement, sound, picture, logo, and moreCommunication and its Meaning: Particular meanings are not tied to a single symbolCan be conveyed in multiple waysSocial Construction of Meaning:Symbols take on meaning in social context or society as they are used over timeMeanings are recognized by those who have used them over timeDenotative Meaning: Commonly understood, widely accepted primary meaning of a verbal or nonverbal symbolConnotative Meaning: Provided by the secondary associations of a verbal or nonverbal symbolVerbal and Nonverbal Influence on Meaning: Delivery influences the message sentDetermining meaning is more complexMedium: The means through which a message is conveyedMedium impacts the meaningFace-to-faceElectronicSocial MediaCommunication is Relational: Relationships are assumed any time we communicate with someoneCommunication contains content (message) and relational levelsFrames:Frames are basic forms of knowledge that provide a definition of a scenarioDraw boundaries around conversation and pull attention to and away from thingsFrames help people understand their role in the conversation as well as what is expected of themShared understandings of these frames enable people to make sense of what is occurring so they can coordinate their symbolic activitiesPeople use frames to make decisions about what symbols to use and how the symbols should be interpretedSymbols need a background of knowledge built into the interpretation of the words themselvesShared knowledge of background reduces need for explanation of termsPerspectivesoFrames are partly based on a person’s perspectives of situations and relationshipsInfluence the coordinating of interactions and assigning meaning
Frames also explain why people do not always agree on what is occurringPresentational and RepresentationalDescribing facts or conveying information is representationalPresenting a particular version of facts or events is presentationaloPresent other with a way of looking at the world based on how you would prefer them to see itWe can take in a message as face value-representational notion or we can choose to regard it as presentational which opens up all kinds of possibilities of the description, motives, why those words, why those descriptions, why this is mention and that isn’t. Leads to a conflict, discomfort, lack of identity and so