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Unformatted text preview: 1 2 3 4 5 Organizational Behavior (OB): The Action Perspective ILROB 525; Spring 2008 Sam Bacharach Notes by Christine Early 6 7 8 9 10 Class 1 on 01/26/08 Taking axiomatic propositions or theories. Week 1: Introduction to the Action Perspective 11 12 13 14 Decisions or action under conditions of uncertainty . We want to minimize uncertainty when we take action. 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 What can we control manage: Goals Culture / work environment, relationship with staff Structure Resources Organizational structure Job design Things we can try to manage: organizational structure, culture and work processes. How do we change? Start with issues, ends with us, and how we can bring about change. 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 PAPER Use material Create a case from it. Exercise / applying / using concepts. (Break) Definition of theory / what theory is: A statement that researchers can define a theory as a statement of relationship between units observed or approximated in the empirical world. Approximated units mean constructs which by their very nature cannot be observed directly (e.g. centralization, satisfaction, or culture). Observed 37 units mean variables 38 , which are operationalized empirically by measurement. The primary goal of a theory is to answer the questions of how, when and why, unlike the goal of description, which is to answer the question of what 39 40 . 41 42 43 44 45 46 Theory operates on 2 levels: 1) constructs (fixed) 2) variables / operational Page 1 of 53 Last updated by ce on 4/8/2008 h:\personal\cornell\ob 525 spring 2008\class notes ob thru 04-05-2008.doc Constructs Propositions Constructs Variables Hypothesis Variables 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 How are theories used by: Academics, practitioners, consultants? Negotiations are based upon variables. Course is about creating agendas. Collective endeavors. Organizations are structured systems to get things done. Our relationship with organization is there is something in it for me. If you could get things done for yourself... 15 16 17 18 19 How you organize others and keep them focused, motivate is the backbone of OB . Managing organizations is a question of how to deal with: Norms, politics, processes, structures HW: What re the key things I have gotten from these pieces? 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 The second premise of this course is that politically competent? Uncertainty Lack of sure knowledge about the course of the past, present, future or hypothetical events. Not being able to anticipate the event or the consequences of your actions. When events are so varied and happen so quickly that you dont have the capacity or the time to respond in a controlled manner....
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