History Lecture Notes

History Lecture Notes - History Lecture Notes Ass#6 will be...

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History Lecture Notes: 1-31-07 Ass. #6 will be on the exam: o Likely a question on Native Americans or Religion -Look at lectures, Brinkley, Ch 6 Davidson and Lytle. -3 parts to exam, 2 or more questions in each part, write on one question from each part. Categories on Exam: o Religion/Diversity o 3-4questsions on early American History (pre 1700) -Founding of Colonies, Jamestown, Massachusetts, etc o Some questions on later American History. Colonial Period, Enlightenment, Great awakening, Constitution/ Bill of rights, Declaration of independence. Split In government Imperial Power King Ministers Parliament Colony-Wide Level Governor Council Assembly Local Level: Sheriff Justices of peace County Court County or town clerk Town meetings ELECTORATE The Electorate grew in power: Elect own speaker Provide defense from NA Determine taxes Determine governors $ Right to vote: Adult white males- 50% were able to vote (most barred my property req.) Property holders Age Religion (some colonies) Voting: No secret ballot Voice voting, Sheriff takes vote by word of mouth Australian Secret Ballot not out yet)
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Had to face candidates you voted against (intimidating). America was a nation of heavy drinkers early on. Alcohol provided at elections. Politics of Deference -A time when those who have been successful in society have an obligation to run for Office and represent. -The Average man does not. “In elections, you defer to those who you believe are economically and socially superior to you… they are fit for office and you are not.” -Colonial Elite who were elected to office did well at leadership positions. - By 1763, America was mature enough to stand on its own economically, politically, socially and politically. However there is no need to think of revolution quite yet. -After 1763 there is a crackdown which pushes Americans to limit, leading to war. French and Indian war: Great War the Empire -Basically England vs. France. -Most important battle was fought on US soil. British station troops in US. Brits win. -Settled my Peace treaty in 1763 which eliminates France from the North American Continent -England claims land east of Mississippi, Span gets land west of river. -England faces 2 probs: How to deal with vast new empire? And now is in a MASSIVE debt. -Proclamation of 1763: Across Appalachian Mountains, tried to keep Colonists east of the line. Americans wanted to EXPAND and wonder why they are being confined. British troops still occupying land, which makes Americans nervous. “They are trying to control us” -To deal with debt, England follows mercantilist ethics “Colonies only exist for the good of the mother country.” Seeing that there is not much revenue being generated for them by their colonies, so they install a series of acts: -Stamp Act: Calls for a tax on any type of document. Playing cards, newspapers, etc -Townsend Acts: Taxes on lead, plastic, tea, etc. Send a lot of customs collectors to Boston to ensure collection of duties. This cases rebellion, “a violation of rights.” They implement boycott and refuse to send their product to England.
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