CAS 100C: Lesson 1 Notes – Civic Engagement and Public SpeakingCivic Engagement and Public SpeakingCAS 100C (Effective Speech) is designed to teach you analytical and critical skills that can benefit you throughout your everyday life. In keeping with the goals of Penn State's Department of Communication Arts & Sciences, you will analyze speeches and other forms of public communication so that you can better function as a "citizen-critic" who can participate in public life through thoughtful commentary on speech and can contribute to public life as a speaker.1Additionally, your textbook, written by Dr. David Zarefsky, provides an introduction to basic public speaking skills; it can serve as a wonderful resource both during and beyond this course. As you read, listen to, and view examples of public address (and some other forms of communication), you will apply the concepts explained in the textbook as you write critically about how they affect the messages you analyze. In your Rhetorical Situationand Cultural Commonplacesspeaking assignments, you will be applying these concepts yourself to prepare and deliver your own speech, giving you valuable practice in public speaking.This course will teach youhow to listen and think critically about messages,the basic elements of the rhetorical situation,how speakers communicate effectively with audiences, andthe fundamental elements and skills of public speaking, including planning and research skills, use of reasoning, organization skills, the effective use of language, and delivery skills.These basic public speaking skills are ones that you can use throughout your life and career. Most peoplefeel some anxiety about public speaking, but learning and practicing some very basic concepts can help you to feel more confident and effective as a speaker, whether you are addressing a room of one hundred citizens or a small group of your peers or coworkers.Analyzing Public DiscourseThis lesson will introduce you to the Rhetorical Situation, a framework that serves as a useful way to analyze public discourse. Dr. Zarefsky discusses this framework in Chapter 1 and also introduces what is known as the canons of public speaking: invention, arrangement, style, delivery, and memory. To effectively analyze public discourse, you can use these concepts in assessing messages critically.