Unit III Study Notes (Chapter 5)

Unit III Study Notes (Chapter 5) - Unit III Study...

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Unit III Study Notes (Chapter 5) PHL 100 November 13, 2014 Ethical Theory What type of ethics should I practice? Kantian ethics? Utilitarian ethics? Relativist ethics? Feminist ethics? Virtue ethics? Feminism in ethics? 3 Reasons why people worry about ethics: 1. Seeking proof for moral principles 2. To help them decide “hard cases” 3. Searching for the “good life” (an ethics of duty, pleasure or virtue?) 3 ways a philosopher can deal with variation in moral codes: 1. to deny that variation exists (people for and against abortion are both against murder) 2. to claim that there are no universally valid moral norms (see “ethical skeptic” and “ethical relativist” below 3. to allow for some variability in moral principles while insisting that some moral principles are, in fact, universally true The “ethical skeptic” believes that there are no valid moral principles. They frequently think that science and scientific language are the models upon which we should base all our knowledge. (153) The “ethical relativist” believes that “everyone is entitled to his or her opinion.” (153) Immanuel Kant Rejected religious doctrine as the foundation for morality Opposed the causal determinist, the ethical skeptic and the ethical relativist Kant proposed moral principles based on rationality and logic Wrote
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