psyc 100 chapter 16 outline

psyc 100 chapter 16 outline - PSYC 100: Introductory...

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1 PSYC 100: Introductory Psychology PSYC 100: Introductory Psychology Chapter 16 (pages 582-613) Tuesday, April 22, 2008 TREATMENT OF TREATMENT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS DISORDERS Psychological Therapies Psychological Therapies ± Psychological therapies view the roots of abnormal behavior in ß Each therapy has its own view as to the cause ( ) of mental disorder ß Each therapy has its own approach to the of mental disorder ± As we discuss the different psychological therapies, keep in mind the following: ß What kinds of treatment work for what kinds of patients/ ß How can we use to develop effective psychotherapies? The Psychodynamic Approach The Psychodynamic Approach ± This approach was created by ß Mental symptoms reflect unconscious conflicts that induce ß Emphasis on insight : understanding one’s own psychological processes , including maladaptive ways of viewing the self and relationships, unconscious conflicts, and maladaptive ways of ß Therapeutic change requires an (relationship) between the patient and therapist Three Psychodynamic Techniques Three Psychodynamic Techniques ± Goal of psychodynamic therapy: achieve insight into ß Free Association : patient is encouraged to say whatever comes to mind to reveal associational networks and unconscious processes involved in resistance : barriers to free association (or to the treatment more generally) which ß Interpretation : therapist interprets the thoughts and feelings of the patient in order to reveal the hidden ß Analysis of transference : patients bring into therapy their past troubled relationships, which are transferred to the
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2 Two Psychodynamic Therapies Two Psychodynamic Therapies ± Psychoanalysis : patients lie on a couch and the analyst ß patients usually undergo psychoanalysis 3-5 times a week for ß it is very intensive, extensive, and ± Psychodynamic psychotherapy : patient and therapist conduct the treatment ß patient sits in a chair rather than reclining on a couch ß more conversational than psychoanalysis but the goal is still exploration of ß takes place 1-3 times a week and can last however, there are some short-term psychodynamic therapies that last The Behavioral Approach The Behavioral Approach ± The following two classical conditioning techniques can alter 1. Systematic desensitization : patient is encouraged to confront a feared stimulus mentally while in a Therapist trains progressive Patient constructs an image While relaxing, patient imagines the least (to most) fearful of the Finally, the therapist encourages the patient to confront his/her Desensitization successfully treats: phobias, PTSD, OCD, impotence, nightmares, and Classical Therapies (cont.) Classical Therapies (cont.) 2. Exposure : patients are exposed to the actual stimulus that they fear in a. Flooding : patient confronts the phobic stimulus b. Graded exposure : patient is c. Virtual reality exposure : expose patient to of the feared stimulus as opposed to the actual stimulus
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psyc 100 chapter 16 outline - PSYC 100: Introductory...

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