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February 25 - i Mastery modeling program 3 Personal Control...

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16:03:53 Efficacy vs. Outcome expectations 1.) Efficacy expectations – estimate of the likelihood that you will get a particular outcome 2.) Self efficacy – your estimate of how successful you will be given situational constraints i. More temporary ii. Takes into consideration what is happening right now iii. How effective you would be right now b. Determinants i. Personal experience in that situation – more exp then more efficacy ii. Vicarious experience – observation of other people iii. Physiological cues – new situation then we will notice some clues 1. Weakest influence iv. Verbal Persuasion – Pep-talk 1. Most effective in a new situation c. Effects on behavior i. Influences choices 1. More willing to try something 2. Resistance to change perceptions though d. Empowerment
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Unformatted text preview: i. Mastery modeling program 3.) Personal Control Beliefs a. Mastery Vs Helpless i. b. Learned Helplessness – repeated experience with uncontrollable negative outcomes – cannot change the situation i. Components 1. Contingency – lack of connection between the behavior and the outcome and the awareness of it – give up instead of responding 2. Cognition – knowledge of the lack of contingency ii. Effects 1. People have motivational deficits 2. Not motivated anymore 3. Do not try to do things anymore 4. Learning deficits 5. iii. Relation to explanatory style 1. Pessimist vs. the optimist iv. Criticisms v. The alternative: reactance 1. Fight the change a. Only lasts until they realize they cannot effect change b....
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