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psyc 100 chapter 15 part 1 outline

psyc 100 chapter 15 part 1 outline - Lecture Outline PSYC...

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1 PSYC 100: Introductory Psychology PSYC 100: Introductory Psychology Chapter 15, Part 1 (pages 539-556) Thursday, April 10, 2008 PSYCHOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS DISORDERS Lecture Outline Lecture Outline ± Definitions of Psychopathology ± Perspectives on Psychopathology ß Psychodynamic ß Cognitive-Behavioral ß Biological ß Systems ± Descriptive Diagnosis and the DSM-IV ± Childhood Disorders ß Reactive Attachment Disorder, ADHD, Conduct Disorder, Asperger’s, and Autism Psychopathology Psychopathology ± Psychopathology : problematic patterns of feeling, thought, or behavior that disrupt an individual’s sense of well-being and social / ß Psychopathology literally means ± Two levels of analysis (not competing theoretical perspectives, but rather different frameworks for understanding ß Biological : psychopathology is a disease of mental illness can be cured by changing ß Psychological : psychopathology is caused by disordered habits and a disordered can be cured by changing behavior, emotion, and Psychodynamic Perspective Psychodynamic Perspective ± Three classes of pathology (Figure 15.1): ß Neuroses : problems in living that involve anxiety (phobias) or occur in most people at different points in their lives ß Personality disorders : chronic and severe disturbances that impair interpersonal and ß Psychoses : marked disturbances of ± The 3 classes form a continuum of functioning from minimal disturbance (neuroses) to serious disturbance (
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2 Psychodynamic View (cont.) Psychodynamic View (cont.) Cognitive Cognitive -Behavioral Perspective Behavioral Perspective ± Cognitive-behavioral : integration of classical and operant conditioning within a ± Focus is on ß e.g., thoughts that precede an anxiety reaction and the physiological symptoms that accompany it ± Assess the conditions under which symptoms (such as depression and anxiety) arise and the ± Psychopathology also reflects dysfunctional cognitions (e.g., Biological Perspective Biological Perspective ± The biological perspective seeks the roots of abnormal behavior within the ß neural circuits : e.g., anxiety disorders are associated with heightened activation of “anxiety circuits” in the ß gross pathology of the brain : e.g., atrophy of the frontal lobes is associated w/ ß disturbance of neurotransmitter function : e.g., schizophrenia: too much e.g., depression: too little Systems Perspective Systems Perspective ± The systems perspective seeks the roots of abnormality in the broader ß explains an individual’s behavior in the context of
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