psyc 100 chapter 15 part 2 outline

psyc 100 chapter 15 part 2 outline - Lecture Outline PSYC...

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1 PSYC 100: Introductory Psychology PSYC 100: Introductory Psychology Chapter 15, Part 2 (pages 557-580) Tuesday, April 15, 2007 PSYCHOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS DISORDERS Lecture Outline Lecture Outline ± Schizophrenia ± Mood Disorders ß Bipolar Disorder, Dysthymia, and Major Depressive Disorder ± Anxiety Disorders ß Phobias, Panic Disorder, OCD, and PTSD ± Dissociative Identity Disorder ± Personality Disorders ß Borderline and Antisocial ± “Name that Disorder” Activity Facts about Schizophrenia (SZ) Facts about Schizophrenia (SZ) ± Schizophrenia (SZ) : a profound disturbance in thought, perception, behavior, language, ± Occurs cross-culturally in about ± The first episode usually occurs in late adolescence or ß children may be diagnosed with SZ, but this is ß men have their first episode than women Facts about SZ (cont.) Facts about SZ (cont.) ± Only 10-20% of people with SZ ß long-term prognosis is better for women than men (perhaps because women retain better ± Prevalence of SZ is among the poor (especially the urban poor) than among the wealthy ± Prevalence is higher among individuals ß People with SZ are less likely to have
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2 DSM DSM -IV Criteria for SZ IV Criteria for SZ 1. Presence of psychosis : gross impairment of reality testing (the accuracy of thoughts are evaluated incorrectly and, consequently, there are 2. More than one psychological process must be disturbed (i.e., thought, emotion, communication, and/or 3. Marked deterioration from the individual’s previous level of functioning at work, in social relations, and in 4. Duration of symptoms for at least Two Primary Symptoms of SZ Two Primary Symptoms of SZ ± Delusions : false beliefs that resist all argument and are sustained in the face of evidence that normally would be ± Hallucinations : perceptions that occur in the absence of an identifiable stimulus (i.e., ß the most common hallucinations in SZ are (e.g., a voice that maintains a running commentary on the person’s behavior) ß hallucinations represent an inability to distinguish between internal and Thought Disorder Symptoms Thought Disorder Symptoms 1. Derailment : speech that shifts from one topic to another with no apparent connection (called 2. Loose association : more subtle irregularities in the connections of a person's 3. Clang associations : associations produced by the 4. Neologisms : that have a private meaning to the individual with SZ Negative vs. Positive Symptoms Negative vs. Positive Symptoms ± Negative symptoms entail a 1. Blunted/flattened affect : person s face appears immobile and voice is 2. Alogia : significant 3. Avolition : lack of energy or ± Positive symptoms involve an 1. Delusions 2. Hallucinations 3. Clang associations
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3 Diathesis Diathesis -Stress Model of SZ Stress Model of SZ ± Diathesis-stress model proposes that some persons develop SZ because of a underlying biological vulnerability ( diathesis ) that is compounded by See Figure 15.6 (p. 558) Biological Basis of SZ
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psyc 100 chapter 15 part 2 outline - Lecture Outline PSYC...

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