409d final - 1) What are the mechanics for maintaining...

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1) What are the mechanics for maintaining peace in the international system? a) Int’l orgs b) Arms control Agreements a. Name Arms Control treaties i. Chemical and biological weapons conventions ii. NPT—don’t spread nukes to those who do not have them iv. Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty: One clause of the treaty required both countries to limit the sites protected by an anti-ballistic missile (ABM) system to one. b. What do they do i. Increase mutual understanding ii. Realize shared values iii. Establish certain norms c. Important issues i. 1. Universality—extent of arms control treaty a. More universal is better 2. Implementation—how? 3. Verification—monitoring 4. Non-compliance—punishment d. Arms control falls under “Cooperative security” Collective security: political and legal obligation of member states to defend the integrity of individual states within a group of treaty signatories (OSCE, EU) Collective defense: the commitment of all states to defend each other from outside aggression (NATO) Cooperative security: includes the introduction of measures that reduce the risk of war, measures that are not necessarily directed against any specific state or
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409d final - 1) What are the mechanics for maintaining...

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