Color Line-Jim Crow - The Problem of the Twentieth Century The Color Line in America I Introduction II Reconstruction(1865-1877 a Black Codes i Created

Color Line-Jim Crow - The Problem of the Twentieth Century...

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The Problem of the Twentieth Century: The Color Line in America I. Introduction II. Reconstruction (1865-1877) a. Black Codes i. Created to control black labor b. Freedman’s Bureau i. Created by Republicans to help former enslaved people ii. Healthcare, school, food, financial assistance, land iii. Corruption – agents discouraged freedmen from applying for land and would then sell the land for profit iv. Closed in 1870, giving southern states authority to educate freedmen c. Thirteenth Amendment (1865) i. Abolished slavery d. Fourteenth Amendment (1868) i. Prohibited stated from violating citizen’s rights ii. Guaranteed equality before the law e. Fifteenth Amendment (1870) i. Guaranteed right of all American male citizens to vote regardless of race f. Ku Klux Klan i. Founded in 1866 in Pulaski, TN ii. Attracted former Confederate soldiers iii. Intimidated black men to keep them from voting iv. Led to Democratic Party taking back over in the south g. Compromise of 1877 i. Election of 1876 1. Rutherford B. Hayes (R) vs. Tilden (D) 2.

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