TEST 3 Review Guide

TEST 3 Review Guide - chapter 13(public policy national...

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chapter 13 (public policy) national security- protection of a country from external and internal enemies Brady Bill- bill rquires a five-day waiting period for the purchase of a handgun; intened to give local law enforcement enough time to ascertain that the purchaser is not a convicted felon. (Brady was shot during a 1981 assassinationa ttempt on President Reagen) entitlements- Government expenditures that provide benefits that are deeply ingrained in the fabric of American life and that American expect as a matter of right because they have made mandatory tax contributions to government-run retirement and health insurance funds. mixed economy- an economic system that combines both publicly and privately owned enterprises. budget deficit- when the Federal Govt. spends more than it collects in rvenue in a year. Over time, these deficits aggregate into the national debt and have significant long-term implications for the economic health and well-being of a country. national debt- the accumulation over time of annual budget deficits, that is, when the federal govt. spends more than it collects in revenue each year. It forces the govt. to borrow money to pay its bills and results in substantial payments of interest on those loans, which diverts important federal tax dollars from the govt's annual coffers. affirmative action- giving preferential treatment to a socially or economically disadvantaged group in compensation for opportunities denied by past discrimination. reverse discrimination- includes discriminatory policies or acts that benefit a historically socio-politically non-dominant group (typically women and minorities), at the expense of a historically socio-politically dominant group (typically men and majority races). Reverse discrimination is itself a form of discrimination. prior restraint- the legal doctrine that the government does not have the power to restrain the media from publication except in cases of dire national emergency. incarceration- the isolation of criminals in an effort to protect society and to prevent lawbreakers from committing more crimes. deterrence- in CJ theory, punishing a criminal for the purpose of discouraging others from committing a similar crime. rehabilitation retribution- punishment of criminals on the ground that they have done wrong and deserve to suffer. exclusionary rule- in Judicial proceedings, the rule that evidence obtained in violation of constitutional guidelines cannot be used in court against the accused.
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17 (international relations) political realism - philosophy that power is the key variable in all political relationships and should be used to pragmatically and prudently to advance the national interest; policies are judged good or bad on the basis of their effect on national interests not on their level of morality. equilibrium-
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TEST 3 Review Guide - chapter 13(public policy national...

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