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Midterm Essay Outlines

Midterm Essay Outlines - Midterm Essay Outlines...

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Midterm Essay Outlines Conventional Weapons vs. WMD's Conventional State leaders almost always turn to conventional military forces for actual missions Armies o infantry o rifles, light weapons (mines, machine guns, etc), heavy artillery, tanks, armored vehicles o in open terrain, such as desert, ground forces typically combine armor, artillery and infantry. o In close terrain, such as jungles and cities, foot soldiers are important. o In open conventional warfare, armies of industrialized states have a greater advantage over poor armies (such as Kuwaiti desert). o In jungle, mountain or urban warfare foot soldiers or guerillas may survive and ultimately prevail over an expensive conventional army. Navies o control passage through the sea o attack land near coastlines. o Aircraft carriers are instruments of power projection. Sending an aircraft carrier to the vicinity of an international conflict implies a threat to use force. ( gunboat diplomacy in the 19th century) o Warships, missile-firing ships, submarines Air Forces o specialized for distinct purposes – strategic bombing of land and sea targets close air support (battlefield bombing) interception of other aircraft airlift (of supplies, weapons, and troops) o Expensive. o Air superiority is often the key to the success of ground operations in open terrain. Global reach capabilities combine long-distance logistical support with various power projection forces. Only the US today fully possesses such a capability, with worldwide military alliances, air and naval bases, troops stationed overseas. Satellites used for military surveillance, mapping, communications, navigational information to military forces, weather assessment, early warning of ballistic missile launches. logistical support is very important (intelligence) WMD's Nuclear, chemical, biological weapons reserved for making or deterring threats. Distinguished from conventional weapons by their enormous potential lethality, especially relative to their small size and modest costs offer different leverage from conventional weapons can be fired from home territory to enemy territory safely w/ ballistic missiles symbolic equalizer for middle powers w/ great powers Nukes are most destructive
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o Fission (atomic bombs) simpler less expensive natural uranium and plutonium o fusion (thermomnuclear bombs, hydrogen bombs) expensive technically demanding Missile Delivery Systems o Strategic long range, carried on missiles ICBMs 5000+ miles…US, Russia, China Intermediate & Medium Range…1000+ miles includes submarine launched missiles (strategic-first-strike capability) SRBMs are inaccurate but dangerous Cruise missiles can go over mapped terrain far o tactical-battlefield use generally reserved for hegemonic war & total war Geneva Convention 1925 banned USE of chemical weapons production and possession ok
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