SOC103H1S-Midterm notes - Ayesha Habib SOC103H1S Midterm...

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Life-Span Human Development
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Chapter 2 / Exercise 2
Life-Span Human Development
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Ayesha Habib SOC103H1S Midterm notes Chapter 1: Introduction to Sociology Sociology is a science because unlike other subjects it relies on the empirical evidence Sociology helps us to bind and understand the relationship between personal problems and social structures. Social structures can be divided into the: - microstructures (family, face to face) - Macrostructures (class, bureaucracies) - Global structures ( international organizations) Social institution I the narrow set of the social structures and is defined as based on the repetition and can be changed, modified if the large number insists or don’t cohere with it. Social institutions can be classified into the following groups - Kinship – marriage, family and primary socialization. - Economic- produce and distribute goods and services. - Political- access and the use of power. - Cultural – deal with religious, artistic and scientific activities. - Stratification – the distribution of the position and resources. Sociology arose upon the upheavals of the Industrial revolution. Sociological imagination arose in the past 500 years due to these three revolutions: 1) Scientific revolution (began 1550) provided the key foundations of the sociological imagination. 2) Democratic revolution (1750) Emphasized the human responsibility and for the organization of the society and started to solve the sociological problems (social problems included) 3) Industrial revolution (1780) – Sociology finally has been defined and born. Massive increase in society, urbanization, long work days, dangerous working conditions, strikes, crimes, overcrowding, rise of bureaucratic forms. The first to use the term Sociology was August Comte (1838) Functionalism- how social order is supported by macrostructures.( e.g. Émile Durkheim, Talcott Parsons, Robert Merton, S.D. Clark Conflict theory- analyzes how the social inequality is maintained and challenged. That it can only be stable by the decreasing privilege. (e.g. Karl Marx, Max Weber, C. Wright Mills, John Porter) Symbolic internationalism first of all demands the respect and understanding of the views of minority and analyzes how meaning is created within the communication of the microstructures. (e.g. Max Weber, George Herbert Mead, Erving Goffman) Feminism focuses on the problem of social patricarchy the problem of the distribution of the power and authority and examines the problems of the gender inequality based on the micro as well as on the macrostructures. (e.g. Harriet Martineau and Jane Addams, Margrit Eichler)
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Life-Span Human Development
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Chapter 2 / Exercise 2
Life-Span Human Development
Rider/Sigelman
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Ayesha Habib SOC103H1S Chapter 2: Social Institutions and Processes

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