DATA ANALYSIS PAPER - final

DATA ANALYSIS PAPER - final - Petrone Adam Petrone PSC 003...

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Petrone Adam Petrone PSC 003 – 10 Professor David Quinn MW 9:35-10:50 April 17, 2006 What determines whether or not a GO gets involved in a crisis? Introduction Global Organization is a term that is typically applied to bodies such as the United Nations and the League of Nations, which are defined by an international alliance involving many different countries. When international crises arise, it is intriguing to determine the reasons why Global Organizations (GOs) get involved and exercise their powers in conflict resolution. The international community relies upon GOs, often holding them in high regard as bodies with the power and discretion to act as mediators and prevent the outbreak of violence when a crisis develops between nations. If nations are unable to resolve their conflicts prior to the outbreak of violence and a GO has yet to get involved in mediation, demand by the world community for their help and the allocation of peacekeeping strategies would be predicted to increase dramatically. GO involvement with international crises is supposed to be initiated according to the guidelines set forth by the charter of the organization. As the United Nations has been the primary GO involved in the past 60 years of conflict resolution, I will examine its procedure for initiating involvement and hypothesize the presence of a relationship between GO involvement, my dependent variable, and the occurrence of violence in the conflict, my independent variable. The United Nations and the Control of International Violence describes the course of action in the interest of peaceful settlements of disputes: 1
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Petrone “The Charter of the United Nations requires that ‘all Members shall settle their international disputes by peaceful means in such manner that international peace and security, and justice, are not endangered.’ Later the Charter is more specific about the peaceful means that should be employed when it states that ‘The parties to any dispute, the continuance of which is likely to endanger the maintenance of international peace and security, shall, first of all, seek a solution by negotiation, enquiry, mediation, conciliation, arbitration, judicial settlement, resort to regional agencies or arrangements, or other peaceful means of their own choice.’ The charter further obligates parties to such a dispute, if they fail to settle the matter by the means specified, to refer it to the Security Council.” (Murphy, 1982, p. 13) Thus, the involvement of the United Nations (U.N.) is to be initiated when the states involved in the conflict (assuming they are part of the organization’s 191 Member Country body (un.org, 2006)) are unable to resolve their disputes through other means and follow the guidelines of the Charter, approaching the Security Council. However, this may not always ultimately guarantee U.N. involvement and the organization may become involved because of other factors. When assessing the response and involvement of the U.N. to traditional international
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DATA ANALYSIS PAPER - final - Petrone Adam Petrone PSC 003...

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