The Golden Age of Greece

The Golden Age of Greece - I. The Homeric Age of Greece A....

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
I. The Homeric Age of Greece A. The Rise of Mycenaean Civilization 1. While England thrives under its new kingdom, the mountainous peninsula of Greece (Hellas) is inhabited by poor, backwards herdsman and farmers with bronze technology. 2. Around 1600 BC, they develop a civilization that leaves behind ruins at Mycenae, kings backed by warrior aristocracy rule the Greeks from small hilltop palaces. B. Mycenaean Politics and Culture 1. The warrior ethics and honor and courage dominate the Greek mind, and kings claim right to rule from prowess in battle. (Not all powerful, nor claim divinity) 2. The Greeks, living in a country of mountains and valleys, remain divided into small kingdoms, no one ruler is able to unite them into one empire an in the open dessert and plains of Egypt and Mesopotamia. 3. Without one empire, the Greeks cannot repulse the invasion of the “Sea People” who swept over the eastern Mediterranean – Greek cities are all burned c. 1250 BC and Mycenaean civilization collapsed. 4. Greece fell into a dark age from 1100 BC until c. 750 BC – during this period, written language disappears and culture deteriorates. II. The Archaic Age A. The Dark Age Ends 1. Focusing on agriculture rather than war the Greeks produce enough food that their population bounces back.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Olympic Games in 776 BC, in which athletes from all over Greek cities met in Olympus to honor the king of the gods with feats of athletic excellence – games derived from training for war, running, wrestling, and javelin throwing. 3. Running out of good land in their rocky country many Greeks seek their fortunes overseas – they plant colonies in Western Turkey and as far as Sicily and Southern France. 4. In trading their surplus with merchants from Phoenicia (civilization in modern Lebanon) they adopt Phoenician alphabet and adapt it 5. The blind poet Homer writes The Iliad and The Odyssey two epic poems that celebrate the legendary heroes and kings of Mycenaean civilization. B. The Birth of the Polis (City-State) 1. After the fall of Mycenae, there are no kingdoms in Greece; the kingdom is divided into about 1000 poleis. 2. The polis is a political unit unique to Greece distinguishing it from enormous empires of the east, with their all powerful god-kings. 3. Perhaps blaming the Mycenaean kings for the dark ages, the Greeks are reluctant to submit to strong rulers and experiment with other forms of government. 4. The citizens of each polis choose their own form of government, enjoying eleutheria (political freedom – the consent of the governed) 5. Different Greek cities adopt different forms of government which Aristotle later files into three general categories, rule by one, the few, and the many. a) Monarchy – Rule by one (Theibes; Sparta has two
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 13

The Golden Age of Greece - I. The Homeric Age of Greece A....

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online