Lecture October 15, 2007

Lecture October 15, 2007 - Prepositional. o Reasoning....

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October 15, 2007 Implicit vs. Explicit Memory. o Implicit. Memory that underlies perceptual/ cognitive skills without conscious recollection. o Explicit. Memory that underlies a conscious recollection of past events and information. Language, Thought and Reasoning. o Language. Implies receiver, sender and message. Is a multilevel system for relating thought to speech by means of word and sentence units. Rules (syntax) combine units. Grammar. Some of these rules are universal (SVO, all children learn language in same sequence.) Phoneme: Smallest unit of speech production. o Example: B/oy. T/oy. Morpheme: Smallest unit of speech that carries meaning. o Example: Un/Time/Ly. o Thoughts. Thoughts are the “language of the mind” and can be:
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Unformatted text preview: Prepositional. o Reasoning. Imaginal. o Einsteins Gedankenexperiment. Motoric. o Athletes. We think in concepts (classes of objects that belong together and arranged in hierarchy .) Most representative member: Prototype. o Reasoning. Inductive Arguments. Conclusion is likely to be true if the premises are true. Deductive Arguments. Conclusion must be true if premises are true. (Formal Validity.) October 15, 2007 Modus Ponens (Affirming the antecedent.) o If p then q ; p is true; Therefore, q is true. (Common mistake: fallacy of affirming the consequence.) Modus Tollens (Denying the consequences.) o If p then q ; Not q ; Therefore, not p ....
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course PS 101 taught by Professor Hoffman during the Fall '07 term at BU.

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Lecture October 15, 2007 - Prepositional. o Reasoning....

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