Research Methods (1-18)

Research Methods (1-18) - Research Methods 1) Experiments -...

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Research Methods 1) Experiments - Cause and Effect model - Isolate effects of ONE variable to see what outcomes occur - Multiple causes of human behavior - Must have 2 groups equivalent - Random assignment - All characteristics have an equal opportunity of going to either group - Advantages of experiments - Have control over independent variable to isolate effect of individual variables - Closest research method to establishing causality - Disadvantages of experiments - Small numbers of people/sample group - Generalizability issues - Can result from a small sample group be generalized to a larger group - Expensive/time consuming/ethical issues - Potential harm to subjects - Moral values of subjects Milgram Experiment (Yale University early 1960’s) - Electric shock experiment - 2 groups of test subject - “Teachers” and “Students” - Students were to respond to word association and if incorrect, the teachers were to administer electric shock - Told to study effect of punishment related to learning
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2008 for the course PHY 111 taught by Professor Scott during the Winter '07 term at Saginaw Valley.

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Research Methods (1-18) - Research Methods 1) Experiments -...

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