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Study Guide 1945 - Study Guide March 31st Exam Lizzie...

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Study Guide March 31 st Exam Lizzie Guerra ID TERMS: Gamel Abdel Nasser : Led the Egyptian Revolution of 1952 that overthrew King Farouk. Along with Muhammad Aguib, he heralded a new period of industrialization in Egypt as well as a profound advancement in Arab nationalism. He became the second President of Egypt in 1956 and was so until his death in 1970. He was very prominent in the Palestinian Liberalization Organization and the International Non-Aligned Movement. Nationalized the Suez Canal. Anthony Eden : Prime Minister of the UK from 1955-1957. He was very popular because of wartime service. Concentrated largely on foreign policy. Had a tight alliance with President Eisenhower. He is mainly recognized for his role in the Suez Crisis of 1956 that was politically disastrous from a British perspective. He wanted to prevent Nasser from nationalizing the Suez Canal. Mohammed Mossadeq : The Prime Minister of Iran from 1951-1953 and was appointed by the Shah of Iran. He was a nationalist that opposed foreign intervention in Iran. He was the architect of the nationalization of the Iranian oil industry that had been under control by the British through the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company. He was eventually removed from power in a coup d’etat supported by the British and Americans. Eisenhower Doctrine : Was given in a message to Congress on January 5, 1957 and was the foreign policy of President Eisenhower. The doctrine stated that, the United States would use armed forces upon request in response to imminent or actual aggression to the United States. Furthermore, countries that took stances opposed to communism would be given aid in various ways. This was a response to a possible generalized war. Kwame Mkrumah : He generally took a non-aligned Marxist perspective on economics, and believed capitalism’s malign effects were going to stay with Africa for a long time. Although he was clear on distancing himself from the African Socialism of many of his contemporaries; Nkrumah argued that socialism was the system that would best accommodate the changes that capitalism had brought, while still respecting African values. He tried to move Ghana’s economy toward a more industrial model but was not extremely successful. Front de Liberation Nationale : A socialist political part in Algeria. Was set up in 1954 as a merger of other smaller groups who wanted Algerian independence from France.
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