Key Concepts Meanings - Key Concepts meanings Agency The...

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Key Concepts meanings - Agency : The capacity of individuals to act independently - Child : A child is a human being in the early stages of its life-course, biologically, psychologically and socially. It is a member of a generation referred to collectively by adults as ‘children’, who together temporarily occupy the social space that is created for them by adults and referred to as childhood. - Child-focused Research/Research with children : Research that is conducted with children as the subjects, rather than the objects, of research. - Childhood : The early part of the life-course; the institutional arrangements that separate children from adults and the structural space created by these arrangements that is occupied by children - Childhood studies : The interdisciplinary study of the early period of the human life- course that is legally recognized and socially defined as childhood, as distinct from adulthood. - Children as researchers : Children who carry out their own research on children and young people - Children’s voices : In the context of research and public policy, calls for children’s voices to be heard refers to the process of allowing children to articulate their views on matters that concern them. - Citizenship : a status that is given to members of a community who share those rights, responsibilities, duties and adopt those social practices that are intrinsic to belonging to and being a responsible member of that community and who, in return, share in the resources that are distributed within that community. - Competence : The ability, capacity or qualification to perform a task, fulfil a function or to meet the requirements of a role to an acceptable standard. - Cultural politics of childhood : The cultural politics of childhood refers to the combination of national and therefore cultural contexts social practices and political processes through which childhood is uniquely constructed in different societies at different times. The concept of the cultural politics of childhood seeks to provide a framework within which such questions can be considered by drawing attention to the dynamic, interrelated and intergenerational processes through which childhood is socially constructed. It seeks to acknowledge the significance of the actions not only of adults but also of children themselves in the social construction of childhood and their potential as agents of social changes.

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