f01exam1 - Introduction To Environmental Psychology...

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Unformatted text preview: Introduction To Environmental Psychology Psychology 374 FIRST EXAM February 8, 2000 Instructions: Darken the space under the correct answer using a no. 2 pencil. Remember that more than one answer may seem to apply at first but only one truly answers the question. 1. The effect in the atmosphere caused by excess carbon dioxide @ is the greenhouse effect b. is ozone decay c. is pollution d. is a temperature inversion Z. The smell and dangerous chemical from new carpets is a. dioxin b. asbestos c. ozone @ formaldehyde 3. The two studies by Meadows et al showed a. things had improved after twenty years hp pollution has leveled off ©after twenty years, things are worse than expected d. some things improved, others got worse 4. Mossman‘s amphibole hypothesis claims Ca) chrysotile does not cause cancer b. amphibole does not cause cancer 0. asbestos does not cause cancer d. asbestos does cause cancer 5. The studies of lead in children show (a: no improvement in lead in children @less lead in the blood of children (2. more lead in children's blood d. no more lead in children‘s blood 6. Each gram of fat contains a. six calories b. seven calories 9‘ eight calories g’nine calories 7. Dioxin is linked to a. no harmful disease b. only one harmful disease (a) more than three harmful diseases d. only chloracne 8. The cause of ozone depletion is a: the ground water cycle (10," CFCs c. PCBs d. DDT 9. The only human behavior linked to a gene is a. harm avoidance b. neurotic behavior @novelty seeking d. control 10. Langer showed that giving older people more control a. exhausts them b. makes them happy c. makes them fight too much @ makes them live longer 11. The fact that a trait survives for millions of years a. means it was useful to survival b; means it was purely an accident @could mean it was useful, could be an accident d. must mean something I 2. The Sociobiologists believe Keymost of human behavior is controlled by genes b. some specific behavior is controlled by genes (1. all behavior is learned d. most behavior is learned, some is genetic l3. Differentiation of species a. is a response to the genes @is a response to the environment c. is just by accident d. stopped long ago 14. The goal of the psychology of control is a motive to a. survive b. enjoy ® mastery d. learn I 5. The negativity bias means @positive things do not equal negative things b. positive things and negative things are equal c. positive things are stronger than negative things d. none of the above 16. People tend to remember negative things a._ as more negative than they really were @as less negative than they really were c. very selectively; some they remember, some they don't d. with some details left out 17. Schwartz found that Western culture emphasized a. beneficial values b. spiritual values @power d. capitalism 18. HEP says that a. humans are part of nature Q3} humans are above nature c. humans and nature are part of each other d. humans are a little different from most of nature 19. A good example of a nested trap is a. smoking b. a mattress in the road @violence in gangs d. the commons 20. The GAIA hypothesis is the proposition that a. bacteria control the world b. insects control the world c. humans control the world (a) bacteria and plants keep oxygen constant 2 1. Instrumental values can be a. changed easily (1}. changed more easily than terminal values c. changed less easily than terminal values d. almost never changed 22. Brechner found that a. the commons dilemma was an illusion b. the commons dilemma was culturally determined @the commons dilemma could be demonstrated in the lab d. only some countries could enjoy the commons dilemma 23. The one thing that Schwartz did r_10_t find as a common value a“. was greed was spirituality 0. was power d. was negativity 24. The rule of interdependence says a. whatever you do, don’t think twice b. whatever you do, hesitate ©whatever you do, you can't do one thing d. whatever you do, don't 25. The kind of space that encourages conversation is called @sociopetal b. sociofugal c. sociobiological d. social 26. Proxemics is the science of a. facial expressions body language cdspcaking distances . language 27. The first textbook in environmental psychology was a. Bell, Fisher & Loomis b. Hollahan c. McAndrew @Proshansky, Ittelson & Rivlin 28. Ecological psychology a. studies individual persons b. studies places @studies behavior settings d. studies neighborhoods 29. A principal motive in the founding of EDRA was a. to make people aware of environmental threats (b) to introduce social science to architecture c. to create a new sociology d. to pass new legislation 30. Discriminant validity refers to a. agreement of methods Q disagreement of methods (gability to tell environments apart d. ability to measure persons in place 31. Among the five pioneers, the least known was a. Barker b. Sommer c. Hall @3 Alexander 32. The "invisible bubble" is called @ personal space b. proxemics c. ekistics d. social distance 33. The study of perception is concerned with a. the distal stimulus b: the proximal stimulus @ithe relationship of proximal and distal stimuli d. the meaning of what we see 34. Gibson claims that what we perceive are (a? affordances . probabilities c. choices d. gestalts W U! . When looking at mountains, most people prefer a. the crystal clear pictures @‘the misty ones 0. ones with snow d. ones that have sharp points 36. Studying perception of depth by covering one eye is a. an example of the transactional school b. an example of the gestalt school c. an example of the textural gradient @ an example of reductionism 37. When a person accuses someone who bumps them of hatred a. this is an example of interpretation @this is an example of attribution c. this is an example of person bias d. this is an example of balance theory 38. You can't smell your own breath because of a. Gibson's affordances b. Ames' transactions Helson's adaptation theory . Whorf‘s hypothesis 39. Looking at trees from a hospital bed can a. be pleasant @‘3 help cure you c. put you to sleep d. have no harmful effect 40. Proportionately, in the South, more people die of tornados a. because of fundamental religious faith b. because of faulty perception @ because of fatalism d. because there are lots of tornados there 41. Farmers return to the floodplains after being flooded Wane they believe it is less likely to happen again . because it will never happen again 0. because, even if it does happen, it doesn't matter d. because they have faith it won‘t happen to them 42. Cognitive maps are located a. in the cerebral cortex b. in the cerebellum e. in the medulla @in the hippocampus 43. People have more trouble judging distances a. at intersections with 90 degree corners @at intersections with 45 degree corners c. at intersections with normal corners d. at intersections that are without traffic 44. The most used aspect of cognitive maps to find one's way is a. edges b. paths ca districts @2 landmarks 45. The information storage model means g) people think streets with familiar names seem longer . people think streets with strange names seem longer c. people think streets with no names don't exist at. people think streets with funny names are shorter 46. The slope effect means a. streets on the level seem longer ([9) streets on an incline seem longer c. streets on a hill are curved d. streets that are flat are narrower 47. A problem with the elements of cognitive maps, edges, paths, landmarks, districts, nodes is a. how landmarks are organized b. how paths are used Cc) reliability d. most people can't draw maps 48. If you break up a route into segments a. it makes it seem shorter b. it makes it seem more fun 0. it makes it seem more complicated K it makes it seem longer 49. If you learn a subject in your bedroom a. it doesn't matter where you are tested on it @it is better to be tested in the same bedroom c. it is better to be tested any place but there d. it is better not to be tested at all 50. The problem of the traveling salesman is a. to travel the shortest distance between each point b. to travel a varied distance to each point to travel the shortest distance overall . to travel at a leisurely pace ...
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f01exam1 - Introduction To Environmental Psychology...

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