Examining Japanese Primary Sources

Examining Japanese Primary Sources - Joey Newman 0533256 22...

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Joey Newman – 0533256 22 February 2008 History 388 B Paper 3 – Scholarly Review Examining the topic of village self rule, Kristina Troost and Hitomi Tonomura analyze various aspects of peasant village life developing their theories and answering questions specific to the areas they are probing. Troost focusing more on agricultural intensification and its subsequent effect of village life contrasts Tonomura’s attempt to define the So and how it relates to the overall scheme of the village community. Before I provide a comparative analysis of the two I will briefly provide an overview of the arguments of both authors. Beginning with Troost, her chapter on Peasants, Elites, and Villages in the Fourteenth Century attempts to articulate a claim that the 14 th century and its intensification on agricultural expansion resulted in multiple profound effects on village life in Central Japan. Troost attempts to prove this by drawing connections on the effects of the said intensification. The first connection Troost makes with the intensification in agriculture is that “population grew, social organization changed, and commerce expanded” i leading to “the participation of smallholders in village control of irrigation and common land and the close physical proximity of the residents themselves” ii . This close proximity and greater demand for village control leads to Troost’s idea of nucleated villages. The rise of the nucleated village attributed to a sense of corporateness which defined stricter boarders and village membership iii . Ultimately these nucleated/corporate villages lead to more instances of self-government. Troost continues her connections to focus on the establishment of village shrines
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as another cause for the maturity of village government. Being at the village level, the shrine association would mirror the political and social order of the village itself. After establishing the existence of more self-governing and defined ‘nucleated’
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Examining Japanese Primary Sources - Joey Newman 0533256 22...

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