Ancient Military History Notes

Ancient Military History Notes - Ancient Military History...

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Ancient Military History Notes 31 March Will cover 7-8 wars. The Peloponnesian War in detail. Thucydides accounted and lived through the war. He asked the question “What is the nature of war?” Wanted to talk about the causes of war. He felt that it was human nature to fight. Also discussed the paradox of war – people loose the things they fight for. Just and Unjust War - Waltzer -Argues that war is a moral enterprise and required rules. -Moral rules to war apply to every group in any time. -Argues that there should never be a war of annihilation. Monday – synopsis of chapter Tuesday – same thing of Waltzer Wednesday – lecture and discussion on Peloponnesian Anticipate parallels of Thucydides and Waltzer with modern times but do not jump them. 1 April War – A violent conflict between recognizable and uniformed states and carried out by state controlled armies. Riots, murders, terrorism, rape, mutinies, guerillas are not warfare. William Henry James – Claimed war will always exist because war is the ultimate experience. War establishes a community of brothers and mutual dependence. The Statistics of Deadly Force – Richardson Waltzer – Some wars are just and should be fought and some are just the opposite. Sometimes its even morally wrong not to fight. William James – feels that our lust for war can be channeled into something useful in society. Thuycidides – believes that without government and society there would only be a war between with one another. It is our nature to war with ourselves.
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thucydidies - book I - establishes one great war in ancient history, the trojan war. (Remote Past) Remote Past - 490BC Read book I paragraphs 21-23. Offered primary account. He was there as an adult when the war broke out. Cause of Persian war was the expansion of Athenian empire. - Spartan leaders held a meeting out of insistence of Corinthians to stop Athens. - Spartan league decides to go to war with Athens Epidamus, Potadmus Pericle's speech - Athenians blockage Magara. A small city, but Pericles did not want to give in to Athenian swagger. Waltzer - "Against Realism" - Realists claim that there can not be morality in war. 2 April TA Michael Quinn Smith 103b [email protected] I 1-2, 68-78, 140-148. - Corinthians speaking on why they and Sparta should go to war with Athens. What did they charge against Sparta? - What charge did they make against Athens to go war? – Felt that if they didn’t respond now, everyone would fall under Athenian rule. - What advice do they give to the Spartans? - Advocate sea power – control the sea, control the wealth and trade of world. Waltzer Reading 1-2, 16, 19-20. 3500 BC, Euphrates – social revolution took place, urban revolution. Prior to that time, humans were less than 100,000 across the Earth, living in agricultural villages. No written language or political structure. Instruments were largely polished stone.
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