Democratic Republic econ notes

Democratic Republic econ notes - Chp 1 Democratic Republic...

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Chp. 1, Democratic Republic I. Politics: who gets what, when, and how Breakdown- 1. Who: anyone or anything that stands to gain anything from the government (everyone & everything) 2. What: what we stand against (more benefits, less taxes) 3. When and how: the political process (election, votes) A. Political conflict: what are we arguing about? 1) Scarcity of resources 2) Different in values- pluralist society is America II. Types of government A. Democracy: ruled by the people 1) Direct- citizens have a direct say in every major decision 2) Indirect- ( democracy, republic) citizens elect people to speak on their behalf Why did the framers of the constitution opt. for an indirect democracy? o Dangers of an indirect democracy 1. The “everyday person” doesn’t have as much knowledge as compared to those that are “wealthy leaders” 2. Hard to organize all people
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III. American political ideas A. Natural rights But enlightenment happened- less rel. and more science- John Locke said there was no such thing as a “born leader” like a king and everyone has rights. 1) Life, liberty, and property 2) Life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness- Thomas Jefferson 1. Thomas Jefferson put his own “spin” in the idea by that saying. B. Equality: 1) Under the law 2) Of opportunity “equal opportunity” Do Americans have true equality of opportunity? Yes and no, because of money and sex is a factor. C. Political participation: deciding who our leaders are 1. Is it the best system? No, but it is better than the alternative D. Majority rule 1. But is what majority wants conflicts our individual rights? 2. Can the majority determine what you’re allowed to say? 3. Can’t the majority determine how/who you will worship? In America, majority usually wins but there are protections for minority IV. Theories of power: who really governs A. Elite or interest group 1. Elite theory: the wealthy and well educated have a disproportionate influence on the system 1) Elite- the influential - $ 2) Masses- the rest of us.
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  • Fall '14
  • Mr. Proffitt
  • Government, national gov., federal gov, Favor gov. programs

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